Article by Vita Li
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus which can cause one or more small lesions alone or in groups. Molluscum contagiosum is generally a benign infection and symptoms may self-resolve. Molluscum contagiosum was once a disease primarily of children, but it has evolved to become a sexually transmitted disease in adults. It is believed to be a member of the pox virus family.Molluscum contagiosum may be sexually transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. Transmission through sexual contact is the most common form of transmission for adults. MC may be transmitted from inanimate objects such as towels and clothing that come in contact with the lesion. Transmission has been associated with swimming pools and sharing baths with an infected person. MC may also be transmitted by autoinoculation, such as touching a lesion and touching another part of the body.People should practice abstinence because transmission through sexual contact is the most common form of transmission for adults. Preventing skin-to-skin contact with an infected partner is effective in preventing molluscum contagiosum. Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, may reduce the risk of transmission of molluscum contagiosum.Using condoms may protect the penis or vagina from infection, but they do not protect other areas such as the scrotum or anal area. If you do get molluscum contagiosum, avoid touching the lesion and then touching another part of the body without washing your hands to prevent chance of spread to other parts of the body.Patients with molluscum should be educated to avoid scratching to prevent autoinoculation. Patients with molluscum contagiosum should avoid sharing of grooming implements and contact with other fomites. Obstetricians should be aware of the risk of vertical transmission of molluscum, and they should take precautions to prevent transmission during vaginal delivery.Lesions are usually present on the thighs, buttocks, groin and lower abdomen of adults, and may appear on the external genital and anal region. Children typically develop lesions on the face, trunk, legs and arms. The lesions may begin as small bumps which can develop over a period of several weeks into larger sores or bumps. The lesions can be flesh colored, gray-white, yellow or pink. They can cause itching or tenderness in the area.Lesions can last from two weeks to four years. Molluscum contagiosum is a benign, self-limited disease. Complications of molluscum contagiosum include irritation, inflammation, and secondary infection. Lesions on eyelids may be associated with follicular or papillary conjunctivitis. People with AIDS or other people with compromised immune systems may develop extensive outbreaks.Diagnosis is usually made by the characteristic appearance of the lesion. Molluscum contagiosum may be diagnosed by collecting a specimen from the lesion, placing it onto a slide and staining with a Gram stain which shows changes in infected cells. Usually, diagnosis may be made by collecting a specimen from the lesion and viewing it under an electron microscope.Usually no treatment is needed because the molluscum bumps disappear by themselves within six to twelve months, although this may take up to four years. Treatments for molluscum are effective if patients are compliant. But additional duration of therapy may be required in immunocompromised patients. The goals of treatment are to reduce morbidity and to prevent complications.Lesions can be removed surgically or treated with a chemical agent such as podophyllin, cantharidin, phenol, silver nitrate, trichloracetic acid or iodine. Cryotherapy is an alternative method of removal. Lesions may recur, but it is not clear whether this is due to reinfection, exacerbation of subclinical infection, or reactivation of latent infection. Traditional molluscum treatments are traumatic and not always effective.Plant medicine has ability to penetrate all layers of skins and thoroughly eradicate molluscum. The lipophilic characteristic of plant medicine allows it to penetrate deeply. It is absorbed in the skin and into the system in trace quantities. Thus, this treatment for molluscum not only has a direct virucidal effect, but provides total systemic support. Plant medicine has heightened levels of antiviral effect against molluscum. To learn more, please go to http://www.naturespharma.org.
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Molluscum Contagiousum is a viral infection that cause lesions and is often associated with eczema. Watch this health video from About.com to learn more about Molluscum Contagiousum and the treatment.
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